Chandragupta Vikramaditya was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta Empire in India. His rule spanned c. 380 –
c. 415 CE during which the Gupta Empire reached its peak. Art, architecture, and sculpture flourished, and the cultural
development of ancient India achieved new heights.The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is often referred to as
the “Golden Age” of India. Chandragupta II was the son of the previous ruler, Samudragupta.From 388 to 409 he subjugated
Gujarat, the region north of Mumbai, Saurashtra, in western India, and Malwa, with its capital at Ujjain.
Chandragupta is believed to have defeated the Western Kshatrapas led by Rudrasimha III, capturing Malwa and Gujarat in the process. The geographical location of the Vakataka kingdom allowed Chandragupta II to take the opportunity to defeat the Western Kshatrapas once for all.
Chandragupta II controlled a vast empire, from the mouth of the Ganges to the mouth of the Indus River and from what is now North Pakistan down to the mouth of the Narmada. Pataliputra continued to be the capital of his huge empire but Ujjain too became a sort of second capital. The large number of beautiful gold coins issued by the Gupta dynasty are a testament to the grandeur of that age. Chandragupta II also started producing silver coins in the Western Satrap tradition in his western territories.